Physio.gr

Τετάρτη, 26 Φεβρουαρίου 2014 12:55

Lymphatic system: Facts & Functions

Άρθρο της 
Βαθμολογήστε αυτό το άρθρο
(0 ψήφοι)

The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that runs throughout the body. Primarily consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes and lymph. The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and thymus are all part of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is like the blood circulation - the tubes (vessels) branch through all parts of the body like the arteries and veins that carry blood.

shutterstock 108567068The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that runs throughout the body. Primarily consists of lymph vessels, lymph nodes and lymph. The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and thymus are all part of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is like the blood circulation - the tubes (vessels) branch through all parts of the body like the arteries and veins that carry blood. But the lymphatic system tubes are much finer and carry a colourless liquid called lymph. There are 600 to 700 lymph nodes in the human body that filter the lymph before it returns to the circulatory system. You can probably feel some of your lymph nodes. There are lymph nodes in many parts of your body including: Under the arms, in armpits, in each groin (at the top of your legs), in neck. There are also lymph nodes that you cannot feel in abdomen, pelvis, chest. There are two drainage areas that make up the lymphatic system. The right drainage area handles the right arm and chest. The left drainage area clears all of the other areas of the body, including both legs, the lower trunk, the upper left portion of the chest, and the left arm. The lymphatic system does several jobs in the body. It drains fluid back into the bloodstream from the tissues, filters lymph & the blood, fights infections Diseases of Lymphatic system:

The lymphatic system clears away infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. If it's not working properly, fluid builds in your tissues and causes swelling, called lymphedema. Lymphedema is a chronic swelling of the limbs caused by the accumulation of lymph fluid that occurs if the lymphatic system is damaged or not functioning properly. Many develop the disorder following cancer therapy — particularly breast cancer where the lymph nodes under the arms are removed — recurrent infections, injuries or vascular surgery. Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of cancer that typically occurs when the white blood cells in the body become diseased or damaged. In elephantiasis, infection of the lymphatic vessels causes a thickening of the skin and enlargement of underlying tissues. Lymphangiosarcoma is a malignant soft-tissue tumor. The disorder of Lymphedema is lifelong.

What are the signs of lymph problems?

Lymph symptoms occur when your lymphatic system becomes inflamed, blocked or damaged. A lymphatic obstruction prevents lymphatic vessels from effectively draining fluids from the tissues in the body. There are two types of lymphedema: primary and secondary.

Types of lymphedema:

PRIMARY - from birth or developed later in life

• Birth - developmental abnormality of the lymphatic system

• women more prone than men, legs affected more than arms

• lymphatic vessels are impaired or missing

• Praecox - appears in puberty and occurs mostly in females; typically one leg is affected

• Tarda - appears later in life, can be male or female, sudden onset swelling with no apparent cause

SECONDARY - lymph nodes were removed or lymph vessels damaged due to one or more of the following

• Surgery and/or radiation treatment of breast, gynecological, head, neck, prostate, testicular, bladder, colon CA or melanomas

• Trauma, injury, or accident resulting in blocked/damaged lymph system

• Infections - interrupt normal lymph pathway function

Lymphedema may be caused by:

Infections such as chronic cellulites, trauma, tumors, certain surgeries (for cancers such as breast or testicular), blood vessel repair, radiation treatment

What to Expect?

Lymphedema may start 6 - 8 weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancer. It can also start very slowly after your cancer treatment is over. You may not notice symptoms until 18 - 24 months after treatment. Sometimes it can take years to develop. Even a small infection or injury can cause lymphedema to start.

How do we treat lymphedema?

• One-on-one, hands-on, lasts 45-60 min in comfortable private treatment rooms

• Soft Tissue Mobilization, lymphatic drainage, scar mobilization

• Therapeutic exercises, including range of motion, stretching, and strengthening

• Patient education to maintain decreased edema, posture re-education, body mechanics, skin care

• Compression bandaging and garments

Goals:

• Increased range of motion/flexibility

• Decreased swelling

• Decreased pain

• Increased strength

• Restore function and improve quality of life

All lymphedema therapists must be fully certified, experienced and qualified to treat all types of lymphedema.

Bibliography

“Lymphedema- Diagnosis and Therapy”, Horst Weissleder and Christian Schuchhardt

“Theory and Practice of Lymph Drainage Therapy”, Bruno Chikly.

Διαβάστηκε 1278 φορές Τελευταία τροποποίηση στις Δευτέρα, 10 Μαρτίου 2014 19:50
Athina Katsimitrou-Tiginaga, Mld/Cdt.

Ειδικός Λεμφικής Παροχέτευσης με εξειδίκευση στη τεχνική του Dr. Vodder
• Zentrum für Mauelle Lymphdrainage, GER
•Myotherapy College of Utah, USA
• Natural Health Science, GR
 - Diagnosis & therapy of Lymphedema, International Alliance of Healthcare Educators, Fl.-USA
 - Ειδικός Ολιστικής Μάλαξης, Natural Health Science, GR
 - Μέλος της Ελληνικής Λεμφολογικής Εταιρείας

Περισσότερα σε αυτή την κατηγορία: « Craniosacral Therapy Lymphedema »

ΕΓΓΡΑΦΗ ΣΤΟ NEWSLETTER

Εγγραφείτε στο ενημερωτικό δελτίο του physio.gr για να λαμβάνετε όλα τα νέα μας.

ΕΠΙΚΟΙΝΩΝΗΣΤΕ ΜΑΖΙ ΜΑΣ

ΧΑΡΑΛΑΜΠΟΣ ΤΙΓΓΙΝΑΓΚΑΣ, MT, CST, MNT
ΑΛΚΙΜΑΧΟΥ 3 - 5 / 11634 / ΑΘΗΝΑ

  • ΤΗΛ: +30 2107220562 - 6932261521

ΑΚΟΛΟΥΘΗΣΤΕ ΜΑΣ

Συνδεθείτε με τα κοινωνικά μας δίκτυα "Social Media" και ανακαλύψετε τις νεότερες πληροφορίες

Who's Online

Αυτήν τη στιγμή επισκέπτονται τον ιστότοπό μας 1614 επισκέπτες και κανένα μέλος

Αρχική Home Lymphatic system: Facts & Functions